/Christianism: second most widespread religion of Indonesia
Christianism: second most widespread religion of Indonesia
With approximately nine percent of the population, shared between Protestantism 6% and Catholicism 3%, Christianity is the second most widely spread religion in Indonesia after Islam. Protestantism and Catholicism were officially inscribed in the 1945 nation’s constitution.
Arrival of European colonizers and Christianism in Indonesia:
Christianism arrived in Southeast Asian together with Europeans, especially Portuguese and Dutch. In the sixteenth century the Portuguese brought Catholicism in a number of areas like Nusa Tenggara and Timor.
Blanduk Protestant church in Semarang
In the nineteenth century, the Dutch arrived with missionaries to convert the local population to Protestantism. Their main objective was to eliminate the Portuguese from the territory. In fact, during that period, Catholicism was prohibited and replaced by Protestantism. During years of colonization, a number of regions embraced Protestantism, for example: Sulawesi, Molucca, Papua, and Kalimantan.Sometimes religious conflicts between Christian and Muslim communities do arise in certain provinces, but they are usually condemned by religious leaders of both sides.
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